Campaigning By Phone
Howard said the call are invasive, and experts say they are ineffective as well.
"It's relatively inexpensive, but its impact on getting people to do something they may not otherwise do is very very small as far as we can tell," MU Political Science Professor John Petrocik said.
Although Howard said the calls are a bother, she also said there is a simple solution.
"Just don't pay any attention to them. Don't answer them cause otherwise you are just approving of what they're doing, that's the way I look at it. If I don't want their calls, then I am not going to talk to them or I am not going to press one or press two or whatever they want me to do," Howard said.
Both parties will continue to make phone calls through election day. An estimated 20 percent of voters have already cast their ballot and those voters are still getting phone calls.