Total Tornado Damage
To rate the tornadoes, scientists use a system called the Fujita-Pearson Scale. It rates tornadoes from F0 with winds less than 73 miles per hour to F5 where winds are in excess of 260.
The tornado outbreak on March 12 will go down in the record books as the second largest one-day tornado outbreak on record in the U.S. and Missouri was at the center of it all.
The first tornadoes of the day formed over the Kansas City area and raced east-northeast through Chariton, Randolph, and Monroe Counties with only minimal damage reported. The tornadoes were rated F0.
A much stronger second line of storms formed in the early afternoon.At 3:50 p.m. two super cell thunderstorms produced two separate F2 tornadoes in Pettis County.They continued northeast causing more than 10 tornado warnings, including one for central parts of Boone County.
Extensive damage was reported in southern parts of Pettis County where one person was killed.A third line of thunderstorms, the most intense of the day, formed in western Missouri shortly after 6:30 p.m.
At 7:54 p.m. a F2 tornado touched down in Pettis County. Multiple tornadoes rated F2 and F3 later touched down in Saline and Randolph Counties, where four people were killed near Renick. A F4 tornado later ravaged areas near Paris and Monroe City.
Another line of storms developed around midnight.This line of storms produced a F1 tornado in Morgan County near Gravois Mills and other F1 and F2 tornadoes in Callaway, Northern Osage, and Montgomery County.
By the latest count, 46 tornadoes ripped through Missouri. Most of those right here in central Missouri. Ten people lost their lives, more than 40 people were injured, and 1,000 homes damaged.