A majority of college campuses reporting no rapes
COLUMBIA - Data from the U.S. Department of Education shows that 91 percent of college campuses across the nation did not report any incidents of rape on campus in 2014. Both Stephens College and the Columbia College campus in Columbia fall into this category. The University of Missouri's archive of required notifications (Clery releases) shows six Title IX incidents occurred there in 2014.
The American Association of University Women analyzed the data from Clery releases throughout the country's campuses. The Clery Act requires all universities and colleges to disclose any crimes reported on the campus. The data from 2014 is the first to include reports about dating and domestic violence and stalking in addition to reports about rape. In 2014, only 9-11 percent of campuses reported incidents in these categories.
The University of Missouri conducted a Campus Climate Survey earlier this year that showed 30.8 percent of MU female seniors said they have been victims of non consensual sexual contact involving force since they've been at MU. The survey also showed 27.2 percent of all female undergraduate students said they've been victims of the same type of contact. Of all of these incidents, only 21.2 percent of female victims said they reported the incidents to MU officials.
Columbia College's Title IX Coordinator, Molly Borgmeyer, said, although she thinks campus sexual assault is a problem, the Clery geography of most campuses is limited to only campus buildings.
"I don't think it's so much that 10 percent of campuses aren't reporting the incidents, but more so that 10 percent of campuses aren't receiving reports about incidents happening on the campus," Borgmeyer said. "It's not going to go into Clery numbers if it didn't occur here on our campus."
Borgmeyer also said in her experience, most incidents occur in off-campus housing, bars and sometimes even Greek housing, which often isn't considered part of the campus. She also said some campuses included in the data aren't residential, and with fewer students staying on campus, there are less opportunities for sexual assault.
"In that 91 percent, there are campuses that just have smaller populations and maybe aren't residential," Borgmeyer said. "It makes sense that you wouldn't have rapes and sexual assaults occurring on those campuses."
Borgmeyer said Columbia College implements prevention education to work to avoid incidents and encourage victims to report. She said the Columbia campus has fewer than 1,000 students on campus during the day, and this increases the likelihood of reporting.
"I think with our small day population, the chances are slim to none that if something did occur, no one would find out about it," Borgmeyer said. "But I think our awareness education also works to empower people to bring these incidents forth."
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